NON-GREEN TRADE OPENNESS INDEX
What is NON-Green Trade Openness Index?
We use the Green Openness Index developed by Can et al. (2022), the Non-Green Openness Index, which is the complement of this index, was developed. The index was calculated for all countries using the formula below. The new index is based on the “Combined List of Environmental Goods” (CLEG) consisting of 248 different products. We calculate the index between the years 2003 and 2016 since the data for green products is available between for this time period.
In Eq 1, Exp and Imp indicates the current value of total merchandise export and import by reporter country i at time t. GRNX indicates the current value of total environment related products (green goods) export to the world by reporter country i at time t. GRNM stands for the current value of total environment related products (green goods) import from the world to reporter country i at time t. GDP represents the total value of goods manufactured in current year t in country i. The index is calculated for the period from 2003 to 2016 based on the data available in the OECD Statistics Database.
When using these data, please refer to the following paper:
Can, M.,Oluç, I., Sturm, B., Guzel, I., Gavurova, B. And Popp, J. (2022). Nexus between trading non-green produts and environment: Introducing non-green trade openness index, Frontiers Environmental Economics and Management, https://doi.org/10.3389/fenvs.2022.950453